Prolapsed Hemorrhoids - Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Hemorrhoids: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Understanding Prolapsed Hemorrhoids
  3. Causes of Prolapsed Hemorrhoids
  4. Symptoms and Diagnosis
  5. Treatment Options
  6. Conclusion
  7. Frequently Asked Questions

Prolapsed hemorrhoids
Prolapsed hemorrhoids 


Prolapsed hemorrhoids occur when the internal hemorrhoids protrude or extend outside the anus. 

This condition can cause discomfort, pain, and bleeding, affecting a person's quality of life. 

In this article, we will explore the causes, symptoms, and available treatment options for prolapsed hemorrhoids.

Understanding Prolapsed Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids are vascular structures in the anal canal that help with stool control.

 Prolapsed hemorrhoids occur when the internal hemorrhoids enlarge and descend to the external anal area. 

This can be caused by straining during bowel movements, pregnancy, obesity, or prolonged sitting.

Prolapsed_hemorrhoids can range from grade I, where they still remain inside the rectum, to grade IV, where they cannot be manually repositioned. 

It is essential to identify the degree of prolapse to determine the appropriate treatment approach.

Causes of Prolapsed Hemorrhoids

Prolapsed hemorrhoids can be caused by various factors, including:

  • Chronic constipation
  • Excessive straining during bowel movements
  • Pregnancy and childbirth
  • Obesity and sedentary lifestyle
  • Genetic predisposition

Understanding the underlying causes can help prevent recurring episodes of prolapsed hemorrhoids.

Symptoms and Diagnosis

Common symptoms of prolapsed hemorrhoids include:

  • Pain and discomfort in the anal area
  • Bleeding during bowel movements
  • Itching and irritation
  • A protruding lump outside the anus

To diagnose prolapsed hemorrhoids, a medical professional may perform a physical examination, a digital rectal exam, or use other diagnostic procedures. 

It is crucial to seek medical advice for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan.

Treatment Options

The treatment for prolapsed hemorrhoids depends on the severity of the condition.

 Non-surgical treatment options include:

  1. Dietary and lifestyle changes to promote regular bowel movements
  2. Topical creams and ointments for symptomatic relief
  3. Sitz baths to reduce irritation and inflammation
  4. Rubber band ligation to cut off blood supply and shrink the hemorrhoids

Severe cases of prolapsed hemorrhoids may require surgical intervention such as hemorrhoidectomy or stapled hemorrhoidopexy

It is essential to consult with a healthcare professional to determine the most suitable treatment approach for individual cases.


Prolapsed hemorrhoids can significantly impact an individual's quality of life.

 Understanding the causes, recognizing the symptoms, and seeking appropriate treatment can help manage this condition effectively. 

Early intervention and proper medical guidance are crucial for long-term relief and prevention of recurrent episodes.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Can prolapsed hemorrhoids go away on their own?
A: In some cases, mild prolapsed hemorrhoids may resolve spontaneously with lifestyle changes and conservative treatment. 

However, it is recommended to seek medical advice for proper evaluation and guidance.

Q: How long does it take for prolapsed hemorrhoids to heal?
A: The healing time for prolapsed hemorrhoids varies depending on the treatment approach and individual factors.

 Non-surgical treatments may offer relief within a few days to a couple of weeks, while surgical interventions may require a more extended recovery period.

Q: Can diet and exercise help prevent prolapsed hemorrhoids?
A: Yes, maintaining a healthy diet high in fiber, staying hydrated, and engaging in regular physical activity can promote regular bowel movements and help prevent constipation, reducing the risk of prolapsed hemorrhoids.

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